LAPAROSCOPIC (MINIMALLY INVASIVE) SURGERY
What is Laparoscopic Surgery?
Laparoscopic Surgery is surgery preformed by making 3 or more small incisions in the abdominal wall, inflating the tummy with gas and inserting a camera called a laparoscope and several other instruments through the incisions.
How is laparoscopic Surgery performed?
A miniature camera is introduced into the body through a small incision. It transmits the image to a monitor placed facing the surgeon, enabling him to insert surgical instruments through the other incisions and operate. Sometimes larger incisions are necessary to remove big or diseased organs.
What are the risks of Laparoscopic Surgery?
Like any regular surgery, complications such as bleeding, infection, pneumonia, blood clots and heart / lung problems can happen; accidental damage to the bowel or blood vessels within the abdomen are a possibility and minor complications such as bleeding or bruising around the skin cuts may occur.
What are the benefits of laparoscopic Surgery?
The benefits of minimally invasive surgery include:
– Less pain and less need for pain medications following surgery.
– Small incisions, leading to less scarring and better cosmetic results.
– Less likelihood of complications related to the incision such as hernias and infections.
– Earlier return to regular activity.
How do patients feel following Laparoscopic Surgery?
In general, patients recover much quicker with Laparoscopic than with regular surgery. Some patients report a sense of general discomfort over the abdomen and pain at their shoulder tip, due to the indirect effect of small amounts of gas remaining in the abdomen. Most patients are fully recovered within 24-48 hours.
What are the most common Laparoscopic Surgery procedures performed?
Commonly performed minimally invasive procedures include:
– Cholecystectomy (Removal of the gall bladder)
– Appendectomy (Removal of the appendix)
– Hernia Repair (Inguinal or groin hernias, umbilical and post surgical hernias)
– Gastric Sleeve (for weight loss due to obesity)
– Gastric bypass (for weight loss due to obesity)
– Metabolic Surgery (for Diabetes and Metabolic syndrome)
– Nissen Fundoplication (anti-reflux operation)
Less commonly, the following operations can also be performed using minimally invasive techniques:
– Colectomy (Removal of part or all of the colon)
– Adrenalectomy (Removal of the adrenal or supra-renal gland)
– Splenectomy (Removal of the spleen)